Principles and Theories of Brain-based Learning: 25 Terms Every Teacher Should Know


There are several principles and theories behind brain-based learning. The human brain is a complex organ that controls all the activities of the body. It has been said that the brain is like a muscle; it needs to be exercised in order to keep functioning at its best. This is especially true when it comes to learning.

The brain-based learning approach focuses on activating and exercising the brain in order to promote learning. One principle Brain based learning is that new knowledge is best learned when it is connected to something the learner already knows. This principle is based on the fact that the human brain naturally seeks out patterns and connections. When learners are given information that is connected to things they already know, they are more likely to remember it.

Another principle of brain-based learning is that active engagement leads to better learning outcomes than passive exposure. Just as you have rightly seen on what I have written to be the principles of brain-based learning below is the exact way in which they are classified

The Three Principles of Brain-based Learning

1. Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity is the ability of the brain to change in response to new experiences. This ability is what allows us to learn and grow through-out our lives. The principles of neuroplasticity form the basis for brain-based learning, which is an approach to teaching that takes into account how the brain learns.

One principle of neuroplasticity is that the brain is constantly reorganizing itself. This means that new connections are being formed and old connections are being broken down all the time.

Another principle is that experience shapes the brain. What we do and see affects how our brains develop.

The third principle is that learning involves multiple areas of the brain working together. When we learn something, different parts of the brain work together to process and remember the information.

2. Emotion

Emotion is an important factor in learning. Brain-based learning research shows that emotion plays a significant role in memory formation and retrieval. Positive emotions are associated with better learning outcomes, while negative emotions can interfere with learning.

There are several principles of brain-based learning that emphasize the importance of emotion. The first principle is called “embodied cognition” which states that the body and mind are interconnected and that physical activity is essential for learning. This means that the brain can adapt to new challenges and learnings, making it an incredibly versatile organ.

Finally, another principle is “cognitive load” which states that the amount of information we can process at any one time is limited.

3. Experience

Experience is a critical factor in learning. The more experience a person has with a particular task, the better they will be at it. This is because experience helps to create connections in the brain between neurons. These connections form networks that are essential for learning and performing tasks. The more times a person practices a skill or task, the stronger these networks become, making it easier to learn and perform the skill.

Brain-based learning is a relatively new field of study that has gained a great deal of traction in recent years. This means that teachers should strive to create lessons and activities that are as hands-on and engaging as possible.

Additionally, it is important for teachers to be aware of how different students learn, as each student’s brain works differently.

25 Terms Every Teacher Should Know.

  1. Neurons: These are the cells in the brain that process information.
  2. Dendrites: The dendrites of a neuron receive messages from other neurons.
  3. Axons: The axons of a neuron send messages to other neurons.
  4. Myelin Sheath: This is a layer of insulation that surrounds the axon and helps speed up the transmission of messages between neurons.
  5. Synapse: This is the point where one neuron communicates with another neuron.
  6. The human brain: This is a complex organ that controls all the functions of the body. It is made up of billions of nerve cells called neurons, which communicate with each other through electrical signals. The brain is divided into two hemispheres, which control different aspects of the body. The left hemisphere controls the right side of the body, and vice versa. The brain also contains several important structures, including the hippocampus and the amygdala, which are involved in memory and emotion.
  7. Affective filter: Affective filter is a term used in education that refers to the emotional barriers that students put up in order to protect themselves from feeling ashamed, embarrassed, or stupid. This filter can keep students from asking for help, participating in class, or even learning. Teachers should be aware of the affective filter and try to create a classroom environment where students feel safe and comfortable asking questions and making mistakes.
  8. Amygdala: The amygdala is a small, almond-shaped structure in the brain that is involved in processing emotions. It is considered to be a key part of the limbic system, which is responsible for emotions, motivation, and memory. The amygdala is also involved in fear conditioning and in the processing of sensory information related to threat.
  9. Brain mapping: Brain mapping is a term used to describe the process of creating a visual representation of the neural connections in the brain. This can be used to help researchers and clinicians understand how the brain works and to diagnose and treat brain disorders. Brain mapping can also be used to study how different drugs or treatments affect the brain.
  10. Central Nervous System: The central nervous system (CNS) is a complex network of cells and tissues that control all the activities of the body. It consists of the brain and spinal cord, which are protected by the skull and vertebrae, respectively. The CNS receives information from the senses and sends instructions to the muscles and organs. It also regulates mood, sleep, appetite, and other vital functions. Damage to the CNS can result in paralysis, blindness, or death.
  11. Cerebellum: The cerebellum is a part of the brain that is responsible for coordinating movement and balance. The cerebellum also plays a role in cognitive functions such as attention and learning. The cerebellum is made up of two hemispheres, and each hemisphere has four lobes.
  12. Cerebral Cortex: The cerebral cortex is the thin, outermost layer of the brain that is responsible for many of the brain’s higher functions, such as thinking, reasoning, and language. The cortex is divided into two hemispheres, or halves, which are connected by a thick bundle of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum. Each hemisphere controls the opposite side of the body.
  13. Cognition: Cognition refers to the act or process of knowing, perceiving, or thinking. It can include both the mental activities we engage in every day, such as remembering, problem solving, and learning, as well as the more theoretical concepts that underlie these activities. Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary study of cognition, incorporating research from psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, and computer science.
  14. Dopamine: Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that is associated with pleasure and reward-motivated behavior. It is released when an individual experiences something that they enjoy, such as eating a delicious meal or taking part in an exciting activity. Dopamine also plays a role in the addictive properties of some substances, such as cocaine.
  15. Executive Functions: Executive Functions, often abbreviated as EF, is a term used in psychology to describe the cognitive processes that allow humans to plan, focus attention, remember information, and inhibit inappropriate responses. Executive Functions are important for completing tasks and achieving goals.
  16. Brain Imaging (neuroimaging): Brain imaging, also known as neuroimaging, is a term used to describe the various techniques that allow for the visualization of the brain. This can be done in a number of ways, including through the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), or positron emission tomography (PET). Each of these methods allow for different levels of detail to be seen in the brain, and can be used to diagnose a variety of conditions or disorders.
  17. Glia: Glia is a type of cell that is found in the nervous system. These cells support and protect neurons, and help to create the environment that is necessary for neurons to function properly. Glia also plays a role in regulating the communication between neurons.
  18. Graphic Organizers: A graphic organizer is a visual tool that helps students organize and understand information. Graphic organizers can be used to help students with a variety of tasks, including note taking, summarizing, reading comprehension, and organizing ideas for writing. There are many different types of graphic organizers, and teachers can use them to meet the needs of their students.
  19. Gray Matter: Gray matter is a term used to describe the tissue in the brain that contains the majority of nerve cells. It is named for its characteristic color, which results from the presence of large numbers of unmyelinated nerve fibers. The gray matter consists of the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, and hippocampus.
  20. Hippocampus: The hippocampus is a small, seahorse-shaped region of the brain that is involved in memory formation and navigation. The hippocampus is important for learning new information and forming new memories, and damage to this region can lead to problems with memory recall. The hippocampus is also involved in spatial navigation and remembering the location of objects in space.
  21. Limbic System: The limbic system is a complex network of brain structures that control emotions, motivation, and memory. The limbic system is located in the middle of the brain, and includes the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus. These structures work together to regulate our emotional responses and memories. The hippocampus is responsible for forming new memories, the amygdala is responsible for processing emotional information, and the hypothalamus controls our motivation and energy levels.
  22. Long-Term Memory: Long-term memory is a term used to describe the relatively permanent storage of information in the brain. This information can include facts, skills, and experiences. The capacity of long-term memory is typically quite large, and it can be further subdivided into multiple sub-categories. For example, long-term memory can be divided into episodic memory (memory for specific events) and semantic memory (memory for general knowledge).
  23. Metacognition: Metacognition is a term used to describe the thinking that goes on about one’s own thinking. It includes activities such as monitoring one’s own understanding, checking one’s work, and deciding when and how to learn something new. Metacognition helps people become better learners and make better decisions.
  24. Myelination: Myelination is a process that happens in the brain where the nerve cells are covered in a fatty substance called myelin. This process helps to speed up the transmission of messages between cells and makes the brain work faster. Myelin is produced by special cells called oligodendrocytes, and it helps to protect the nerve cells from damage.
  25. Neuronal Circuits: A neuronal circuit is a network of neurons that work together to perform a specific task. The circuit is made up of the individual neurons, their dendrites, and their synapses. The dendrites are the branches of the neuron that receive information from other neurons, and the synapses are the connections between the dendrites of two neurons. When one neuron fires, it sends a signal down its axon to the next neuron’s dendrite. As a teacher I guess what you have up there should be more enough for you to pen down on take care of a student’s brain while tutoring him or her below are:

Five Theories of Brain-based Learning

1.  Neural Networks

The brain is a complex organ that scientists are still trying to understand. One of the ways they are trying to understand it is by studying how it learns. There are many different theories about how the brain learns, but most of them agree that it involves some form of neural network.

A neural network is a system of interconnected neurons. When a neuron fires, it sends a signal to other neurons in the network. This signal can cause the other neurons to fire as well, creating a chain reaction. This process allows the brain to learn and remember new information.

There are several theories about how neural networks work. The three most popular theories are the Hebbian theory, the Bayesian theory, and the self-organizing map theory. The Hebbian theory is based on the idea that when two neurons fire together, they become connected in the brain.

2. Whole Brain Teaching

One of the most popular theories of brain-based learning is the whole brain teaching approach. Proponents of this theory believe that all students learn best when their entire brain is engaged. This approach focuses on using a variety of teaching strategies that appeal to different learning styles.

In addition, it emphasizes creating a classroom environment that is conducive to learning.

3. Multiple Intelligences

Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences has been met with criticism over the years. Some people argue that there is no scientific evidence to support the existence of multiple intelligences. Others claim that the theory is too vague and does not provide enough information about how to measure or use the different intelligences.

Despite the criticisms, Gardner’s theory has remained popular among educators and continues to be a topic of debate among researchers. There is growing evidence that suggests that Gardner’s theory may be valid after all.

4. Mindfulness

Mindfulness has been shown to improve focus and attention spans in students, as well as increase their ability to remain in the present moment. Some experts believe that mindfulness may help to “train” the brain in a way that improves learning.

5. VAK Theory

One theory that has gained a lot of traction in this area is the VAK theory. The theory is based on the idea that we learn through our senses. It suggests that there are three different ways that we learn: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic.

Each of these ways of learning corresponds to a different part of the brain. The visual pathway is associated with the occipital lobe, the auditory pathway is associated with the temporal lobe, and the kinesthetic pathway is associated with the cerebellum.

The VAK theory has been shown to be effective in teaching students new information.


Brain-based learning is an important field of study that can help educators better understand how students learn. By understanding the principles and theories of brain-based learning, teachers can create lessons and curricula that are more effective and engaging for students.

Additionally, by incorporating brain-based teaching strategies into the classroom, teachers can help students develop critical thinking skills and problem-solving abilities.

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